The principles of sustainable development have been accepted by society as a common goal.
In 2002, the Ministries of Education of the countries in the Baltic region approved the Baltic 21E programme relating to education. The programme will include the principles of sustainable development in the teaching plans in educational institutions as well as in their day to day operations. The goals of the Baltic 21E programme are being furthered through national codes of conduct promoted by the relevant Ministries of Education. The importance of teaching is also emphasised in the UN’s Decade of Education for Sustainable Development which runs from 2005 to 2014.
In 2008, along with 124 art and design universities, the former School of Art and Design signed a declaration, the Kyoto Design Declaration, which committed them to the principles of sustainable development. The member universities of the Cumulus International Association have committed to educate future generations of designers to take responsibility for a sustainable future, and to strengthen the role of design as a builder of a people-centred creative society.
Sub-areas of sustainable development
In order to guarantee sustainable development, all four sub-areas need to be addressed:
- ecological sustainability: development is in harmony with natural phenomena and takes the preservation and sufficiency of natural resources into account
- economic sustainability: production and consumption habits will change to become more efficient – more from less: the economy will grow, but at the same time, the use of natural resources and emissions will be reduced
- social sustainability: everyone has equal opportunities for well-being, respect of their fundamental rights and the ability to acquire the basic requirements for their lives
- cultural sustainability: development is built on the cultural traditions and value system of each nation